Dyslexia Australia offers three services:Assessments by an independent
registered Psychologist for ages 7-adult;
Pre-screening* for children age 8-12 (offered in Brisbane); Dyslexia
Educational Therapy Program for clients 8 years and older.
Dyslexia Australia is committed to offering reasonable assessments fees
- see below for details.
Characteristics of Dyslexics
The following list are some of the characteristic traits and behaviours
that a dyslexic child will exhibit. The symptoms can vary from day to
day, minute to minute.
The most consistent things about these traits is the inconsistency – one
day the symptom is present the next it is not.
Look at the following list and see how you shape up! You may be
surprised. Contact Dyslexia Australia
if you recognize 12 or more
symptoms - On-line form -
This assessment is not
intended to be a conclusive diagnosis of dyslexia, but a first-step to
assist a parent or teacher to resources or Specialist help of their
choice. Dyslexia Australia offers assessments,
including screening for dyslexia, by an independent, qualified
and registered psychologist.
Family history of learning problems
Isn't behind enough to be helped in the school setting
Test well orally, but not in written tests
Not reading at age level but appears
Displays behaviours to cover problem (class clown,
disruptive, teacher's pet, quiet)
Labeled as lazy, dumb, careless, immature, or "not trying
frustrated and emotional about
school, reading or testing.
Talented in art, drama, music, sports, mechanics,
story-telling, sales, business, designing, building, or engineering.
maintaining attention; loses
track of time, seems "hyper"
Learns best through hands-on experience, demonstrations,
experimentation, observation, and visual aids.
Has difficulty with math
Poor short term or working memory
Poor memory for sequences, facts and information that
has not been experienced.
Seems to "Zone
out" or daydream often
Excellent memory for experiences
Visual learner. Thinks primarily in pictures not in
Difficulty putting thoughts into words verbally or in
Mispronounces or transposes words
Initially had trouble or still has trouble with sight
words (eg was, what, is, the)
catching on to phonics or
sounding out words
Lacks awareness of the sounds in words, rhymes or
sequences of syllables (eg what
is the last sound in the words
"what", "action", "fun")
Tends to confuse words that look alike (eg
was/saw, for/from, who, how,
rereads with little
writing shows repetitions,
omissions, substitutions, and
reversals in letters, numbers
pictures or context of the story
decoding unfamiliar words
Tends to lose
his/her place when reading
Mis-reads or omits small words (for, of, with an, it)
and word endings (-ing, -ed, -ly,
symptoms increase dramatically
with confusion, time pressure
and emotional distress, or poor
Can do math but has difficulty with word problems
Confuses words with similar spelling (slat/salt,
Vision and Spelling
dizziness, headaches or stomach
aches while reading
letters, numbers, and/or words
feeling or seeing non-existent
movement while reading, writing,
Seems to have
difficulty with vision, yet eye
exam doesn't reveal a problem or
diagnosed with tracking problem
phonetically and inconsistently
copying from classroom board
and Structure of assessments in Brisbane (services can be provided in
other areas should there be a demand):
A full comprehensive cognitive and dyslexia assessment. The
assessment is administered by an independent licensed Psychologist.
The fee includes a report with recommendations. This assessment
would be appropriate for adults or children in private school.
Cost: $620.00 Please
to make an appointment.
Option 2: an abbreviated cognitive
assessment which includes assessing for dyslexia. All reports are
finalised by an Independent qualified Psychologist. The fee
includes a report with recommendations. This would be appropriate
for children in state schools.
Costs: $480.00. Please
to make an appointment. Pre-screening: a face to face
consultation which looks at symptoms of dyslexia but not does not
diagnose or issue a report. The
would be appropriate for children in state
schools aged between
8-12 year old. This service is currently offered in Brisbane only - conditions
apply. Cost $150.00. Please
to make an appointment.
Currently, our assessment
service is only offered in Brisbane and the Gold
Coast however, we have
received many requests for other
areas and will be happy to
provide service when we have
sufficient numbers. Please
to register interest.
The Dyslexia Education Therapy Program is provided one-on-one in our
office in Springwood (near Brisbane) or a mobile service is provided for
clients in other areas of Queensland, Northern NSW, Canberra and other
regional areas. Please
Related Learning Disabilities
The following related categories which can be addressed through Dyslexia
Developmental Letter position
The cardinal symptom of letter position dyslexia is the migration of
letters within the word (reading slime as ‘smile’; pirates as
‘parties’). These migration errors occur in reading aloud as well as in
tasks of silent reading.
Central Auditory Processing Disorder(CAPD)/Auditory Processing
This term is being increasingly used to describe individuals who have
problems with listening, either in distinguishing sounds in their
language or in comprehending the words they hear.
People with CAPD may have trouble understanding what they hear, acting
on it quickly, remembering it for a short or long time, and formulating
a verbal response
An example of the disorder:
A child that is told “Do not step in the puddle” may hear “Step in the
This is due to the dyslexic not hearing the words “Do” and “not”..
Unfortunately, this results in the child being misunderstood and labeled
with a behavioural problem such as “oppositional defiance disorder”.
Complains of dizziness, headaches or stomach aches while
Confused by letters, numbers, words, sequences, or verbal
Reading or writing shows repetitions, additions, transpositions,
omissions, substitutions, and reversals in letters, numbers and/or
Complains of feeling or seeing non-existent movement while
reading, writing, or copying.
Seems to have difficulty with vision, yet eye exams don't reveal
Extremely keen sighted and observant, or lacks depth perception
and peripheral vision.
Reads and rereads with little comprehension.
This is a difficulty in writing and graphing. It generally refers to
extremely poor handwriting.
People with dysgraphia may display the following signs:
May exhibit strong verbal but particularly poor writing skills.
Random (or non-existent) punctuation.
Generally illegible writing, despite appropriate time and
attention given the task.
Inconsistencies: mixtures of print and cursive, upper and lower
Irregular sizes, shapes or slant of letters.
Unfinished words or letters, omitted words.
Inconsistent position on page with respect to lines and margins
and inconsistent spaces between words and letters.
Cramped or unusual grip, especially holding the writing
instrument very close to the paper, or holding thumb over two
fingers and writing from the wrist.
Talking to self while writing, or carefully watching the hand
that is writing.
Slow or laboured copying or writing - even if it is neat and
A dyspraxic person has balance and co-ordination problems. They will
show several of the symptoms below:
Shows up as "clumsiness" caused by motor difficulties caused by
perceptual problems, especially visual-motor and kinesthetic-motor
Prone to accidents, may fall a lot, bump into furniture.
Poor hand-eye, foot-eye coordination.
Slow and poor at dressing, unable to tie shoelaces, do up
Speech and language difficulties.
Difficulty in holding a pen properly.
Poor writing and drawing abilities.
Reading and spelling difficulties.
Confused about which hand to use.
Difficulties throwing or catching a ball.
Poor short term memory, they often forget tasks learned the
Reading and writing difficulties.
Cannot hold a pen or pencil properly.
Cannot hop, skip or ride a bike.
Cannot answer simple questions even though they know the answers.
Speech problems, slow to learn to speak or speech may be
Dyscalculia is when there are problems with maths - counting, adding,
subtracting, multiplying, and dividing.
The following are some of the common characteristics of people with
When writing, reading and recalling numbers, these are some of the common
Number additions, substitutions, transpositions, omissions, and
Inability to grasp and remember math concepts, rules, formulas,
Gets lost or disoriented easily. May have a poor sense of
direction, lose things often, and seem absent minded.
Difficulty remembering dance step sequences, rules for playing
Difficulty with the abstract concepts of time and direction.
Difficulty with time management, schedules, and sequences of
past or future events.
Unable to keep track of time. May be chronically late.
Inconsistent results in addition, subtraction, multiplication